Wide Bay coastal forest of the Sundarbans, which is one of the world’s natural bismayabalira. Padma, Meghna and Brahmaputra rivers in this basin is located in the beautiful forests of the delta area of Khulna, Satkhira and Bagerhat, Patuakhali and Barguna district covers. Salty coastal environments, as well as the biggest mangrove forest Sundarbans, the world’s largest integrated forest. Built over 10,000 square kilometers of forest covers 6017 square kilometers. In 1997, was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Obviously Bangladesh and India share the same continuous portion of the adjacent valley, though under different names in the list of UNESCO world heritage listed respectively as the Sundarbans and Sundarbans National Park. Net Sundarbans mangrove forests involved in the marine streams and mud agent and small islands of salt. A total of 31.1 percent of forest, rivers and creeks throughout the 1874 square kilometers and the total bill jalakirna region. In addition to the famous Royal Bengal Tiger There are various kinds of forest birds and deer, crocodiles and many species of animal habitats, known as sapasaha. The survey of 550 as the tiger and now has 30,000 spotted deer in the area. 199 on May 1 is recognized as the Sundarbans Ramsar site.
Bengal’s Sundarbans forests in or common means beautiful, beautiful lawn. Beautiful trees grow there, which may have been named to the Sundarbans. Other possible explanations could be that it has been named after an ancient indigenous to the forest or the moon bandhe bind. It is generally assumed that the beautiful trees in the Sundarbans has been named.Many of the Sundarbans
Since 1203 the Mughal period in 1538 as one of the king of the forest lease was inside. The desired change in the fundamental historical legal paribartanaguloya madhyamei recognized as the world’s first mangrove forest come under the scientific supervision. East India Company in 1757 by the Mughal Emperor Alamgir II from the forest map of the area after the title has been created. Forests around 1860, then Indian Bengali organizational management comes under the province since the establishment of the Forestry Department. At the beginning of the eighteenth century, there were nearly double the current size of the Sundarbans. More pressure on the forest has been gradually reduced in size. In 1828 the British government acquired the copyrights of the Sundarbans. In 1829 came the hajeya Sundarbans first survey was conducted. In 1878, the forest was declared as a protected forest area and the forest department in 1879 was handed over responsibility for the entire forest. The divisional forest officer of the Sundarbans MU Green. In 1884, he served as the divisional forest officer of the Sundarbans. During the partition of India in 1947, the Bangladesh part of the Sundarbans 6017 square kilometers. The volume of approximately 42% and approximately 44% of the entire forest. The first section of the Sundarbans forest management rights was established in 1869. Under the Forest Act 1965 Section 8 is a large part of the Sundarbans was declared a reserved forest from 1876 to 1875, inside. Within the next year, part of the forest reserve was recognized. As a result, it is far away from the authority of the civil administration of the district under the control of the forest department. Later, in 1879, forest management and forest department as an administrative unit was established, which was the headquarters of Khulna. During the period from 1898 through 1893 for the first time since the Sundarbans forest management plan is pranita.In 1911, the Sundarbans Af Waste Land was described as a tract, which is not never been surveyed in the census adhine never arrived. The Hooghly River, about 165 miles from the mouth of the Meghna estuary up to 66 km Across the border area is determined. The twenty-four Parganas, Khulna and bakerganj these three districts is determined according to the antahsima. Jaladharasaha the whole area of 16902 sq km is calculated 6526. Jalabahula beautiful forest filled with tigers and other wild beasts. As a result, the survey did not attempt to be very successful. Sundarbans has been named head of a special tree probably Beautiful Heritiera fomes name. The hard wood is used to create a variety of things, including boats and furniture. Everywhere Sundarbans are intersected by rivers and canals and creeks in the steamer and several local boat traffic, both as a waterway used for communication between Calcutta and the Brahmaputra basin.
Three of the world’s largest mangrove forest Sundarbans is located in the basin of the Ganges as a complex ecology enough. The two neighboring countries, Bangladesh and India, the larger part of the 6% is located in the south-west side. Balasore River and the Bay of Bengal to the south east along the north boundary of intensively cultivated land. The main branches of the river embankments and other watersheds throughout the area and bamdhaprapta largely by the low lands. In fact, it was supposed to be about 16700 sq km area of the Sundarbans As the 00-year-old. Nearly one-third of its current size decreasing as it has. The total land area of 4143 sq km 4 sq km of sandbanks Ayatanasaha of the river, inlet, and the rest of the water area of 1874 sq km khalasaha .. Ebat fresh water rivers of the Sundarbans are meeting places of salt water. So sweet water from the Ganges River in the area of transition between the saline water of the Bay of Bengal. It Satkhira, Khulna, Bagerhat, Patuakhali region across the country. The Sundarbans is located in the south-western region of the country.
For thousands of years due to the natural flow along the Bay of intertidal sediment accumulated uparisrota be separate from the Sundarbans have been developed. The geographical structure of the surface of the water captured the island and throughout jalatale mud walls and mud Char. The average height above sea level is more than the marginal grassland on the sandbanks and islands, which involves a net across the canal, underwater mud walls, mud and silt sediments deltaic origin. Sundarbans height varies from 0.9 m to 211 m from the sea. Biological factors which contributed to the development of marine subjects and animal diversity in the process. Beaches, estuaries, permanent and temporary wetlands, mud Char, creeks, sand dunes, like a pile of earth has formed part of varied here. The mangrove vegetation itself contributes to the formation of a new land. Again cross-currents in the water, the morphology of the plant world, plays an important role in the process. The presence of grazing animals intertidal mangrove mud angasansthanika micro environment. Eve holds the seeds for the creation of horizontal upasilastara. Endless sand dunes, plenty of formation and evolution process is controlled by the xerophytic and halophytic plants. Vines and leaves, grass and sedge sand dunes and uncompacted sediments unorganized structure is stable.The nature of the structure of the forest along the coast affected by a multitude of factors, including the speed of the stream, micro and macro-tidal cycles and long shore currents coastal. The shore currents moving enough. They are also affected by cyclonic action. Through all this damage and loss of savings that is still not possible to accurately measure the quantitative difference in changing the nature of the earth. However, the stability of the whole system of mangrove pride itself sufficient role. During each monsoon season purotii Bengal delta are under water, most of which is submerged in about half the time throughout the year. Initially, the lower delta plain sediments of the sea monsoonal character and as a result of events such as cyclones. The biggest problems faced by people living in the Ganges basin in the years to come will be the rise in sea levels. Indian mangrove wetlands, freshwater diversion due to changes in the region, many freshwater prabaha has decreased significantly since the late 19th century. At the same time, due to neo-tectonic movement, the Bengal basin has been slightly sloping towards the east, which has the greater part of the Bangladesh Sundarbans freshwater. As a result, the salinity of the Bangladesh Sundarbans is much lower than that of the Indian Sundarbans. A 1990 study in the Himalayas, environmental degradation or sea level rise caused by the greenhouse floods in Bangladesh has been in a critical situation, no evidence was found. Although 007 AD the title of UNESCO World Heritage Climate Change and other reports that the man in the sea level of 45 cm Height has been increased, but also man-made, including 75 percent of the forest was destroyed for various reasons may be published intergovernmental negotiations on climate change, according to the Council within 1 century. Sundarbans mangrove forest in the marine storms, including the southern wall stands as a natural enough effort to save him, not as concerned about the environment court.