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In 1901, the Nobel Prize was introduced. That year, individuals and institutions from across the world and a unique research and innovation that is unmatched philanthropic activities and has been awarded the prize. A total of six subjects are awarded. Topics include: physics, chemistry, medicine, economics, literature and santinobela the world’s most prestigious prize awarded in these cases are considered. The English physicist and Nobel laureate Nobel puraskarapraptaderake hayasuyediya scientist Alfred Nobel in 1895, is a testament to the marmanusare Nobel Prize was introduced. Announced the award of the Nobel before his death, will go through. The only Nobel Peace Prize is awarded in Oslo, Norway. In the rest of Stockholm, Sweden, the awards ceremony will be held in addition to other matters hayaarthaniti being awarded since 1901, but the economy has begun to offer the prize in 1969. Alfred Nobel in his will, did not mention the economy. For World War II, from 1940 until 1942 was closed awarded. Each recipient of a gold medal, a diploma and a certain amount of money received by the Nobel Foundation. It was 01 in the amount of 80 million Swedish Krona. The Nobel Prize is not given to anyone dead. Lariyetake to be alive at the time of award. But there are some exceptions. For more contributions maranattora awarded the Nobel Foundation and its policies hayayakhana final since the first Nobel Committee began collecting nominations for the award. They have a list of selected candidates in the primary to reward providers. In fact, the Norwegian Nobel Committee jarajena labhalyanda, Jorn Stern jarnasana and famous people like Preston johanija employed for the Nobel Peace Prize. The Nobel Peace Prize committee is famous for two persons at the end of the 19th century, the peace movement. They were the Inter-Parliamentary Union, Red Cross founder Henry Dunant and the co-founder phedrika pasi.
List of winners of the Nobel Prize in 1901

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(1)Physics ranajena

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(2)Chemistry von Hauf

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(3)Medical Emil von

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(4)Sahit prudhama

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(5)Peace Henry Dunant

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(6)Frederick pasi

The list was nominated for the Nobel Committee’s Physics Prize for his discovery of X-rays, Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, and to work with the cathode ray Philips Lumileds Lighting Company. The Academy of Sciences selected Röntgen for the prize .19 century, many chemists had made significant contributions in the last decade. Chemistry Prize, the Academy is that many of the scientists who were awarded a little undecided about his 11 break bhogenaekademi was nominated 0. von haphera name. Chemical thermodynamics, he was awarded the prize for research. The first Nobel Prize in Literature, the Swedish Academy chose the poet Sully Prudhomme for. Writers, poets and literary critics who opposed the decision of a group of 4 people for a lot of people like Leo talastayake expectations karachilabartana pheldamyanera criticized this prize because they consider Prudhomme a mediocre poet would. Pheldamyanera most members of the Academy’s explanation was a fan of Victorian literature, so they have chosen such a kabikei. The first Nobel Prize in Physiology and anupranabijnani Emily von berinke German doctors. During the 1890s, was made to prevent diphtheria, which until today has saved the lives of thousands each year.
History
Alfred Nobel laureate in 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden on October 1 was born in a family of engineers. He is a chemist, engineer and inventor was. In 1894, he purchased a baphara iron and steel industry, which was later to become a major weapons factory. He invented ballistic, which is used worldwide as a smokeless military explosives. 355 discoveries of his life, he became the owner of wealth, of which the most significant was the dynamite.

In 1888, he was surprised to see the dead in a French newspaper, Hu merchant of death is dead. As Nobel’s brother Ludwig died, and that concern him in this article can easily understand that the history of how he would be remembered. .1896 inspired him to change his will in his own village on December 10, Alfred Nobel died in San rimo Italy. At that time, at the age of 63 bacharanobela wrote several wills during his lifetime. It was written just a year before his death sarbasesata 7 November 1895, the Swedish-Norwegian Club in Paris. To the surprise of his last will, that the Nobel Peace Prize for his wealth will be in the form of physics, chemistry, medicine, peace and literature will work in the interest of humanity. Nobel’s total assets (31 million Swedish Krona), 94 per cent for the five awards is testament to the doubt until 26 April 1897 for trends in Norway has not been approved by the testament. Nobel’s will, the Nobel Foundation coordinator raganara lilajekuista solamyana and Rudolph made. Maintenance of its resources and organize the work of the Nobel Prize ceremony immediately after the approval of .1897 Nobel Prize in Nobel’s testament to the Norwegian Nobel Committee called for an agency is created. The Nobel Prize was established very soon to other firms. Karolinska Institutet on 7 June to 9 June at the Swedish Academy and the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences on 11 June. The Nobel Foundation reached an agreement on guidelines and how the Nobel Prize was awarded in 1900 the Nobel Foundation’s newly created statutes were promulgated by King Oscar II. In 1905, the bonds between Sweden and Norway was dissolved. Since the Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the Nobel Peace Prize and the Swedish institutions are the responsibility of the other.

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The Merchant of Death Is Dead Alfred Nobel in his own macabre headlines in French newspapers were surprised after reading the news.
According to the Swedish chemist and industrialist Alfred Nobel’s will, the prize was awarded. Nobel invented dynamite, through which a lot of money, and the income of the award by to say. If the Nobel wrote several wills, just a year before his death, the last published November 7, 1895, on Sep.. It was largely because of an explosive release of Nobel, which could have contributed to the loss. The use of dynamite on the battlefield, so that makes him afraid. The Nobel Prize five to 94 percent of its total assets to charity. The total amount of 31 million SEK (3.4 million euros, 4.4 million US dollars).
“The whole of my remaining realizable estate shall be dealt with in the following way:

The capital shall be invested by my executors in safe securities and shall constitute a fund, the interest on which shall be annually distributed in the form of prizes to those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind. The said interest shall be divided into five equal parts, which shall be apportioned as follows: one part to the person who shall have made the most important discovery or invention within the field of physics; one part to the person who shall have made the most important chemical discovery or improvement; one part to the person who shall have made the most important discovery within the domain of physiology or medicine; one part to the person who shall have produced in the field of literature the most outstanding work of an idealistic tendency; and one part to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity among nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses.

The prizes for physics and chemistry shall be awarded by the Swedish Academy of Sciences; that for physiological or medical works by the Caroline Institute in Stockholm; that for literature by the Academy in Stockholm; and that for champions of peace by a committee of five persons to be elected by the Norwegian Storting. It is my express wish that in awarding the prizes no consideration whatever shall be given to the nationality of the candidates, so that the most worthy shall receive the prize, whether he be Scandinavian or not. ”
Alfred Nobel
Although Alfred Nobel award has been introduced, however, he could not see its activities. The plan was not completed because of her. In addition, several other reasons for the establishment of the Nobel Foundation, is a little late. The first Nobel Prize was awarded on 10 December 1901.

 

 

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