The Great Library of Alexandria


 

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The ancient library of Alexandria was one of the largest and most important libraries in the ancient world. It was located in the city of Alexandria in Egypt. In the third century BC, this library was developed as a major educational center with the patronage of the Ptolemy dynasty of Egypt. This library was effective until the Romans attacked Egypt in 30 BC. Along with collection of books, there was also lecture hall, meeting room and garden in this library. This library was originally part of a larger research organization called the Museum. Here, many distinguished philosophers studied in the ancient world. Perhaps the library was designed and established during the reign of Ptolemy’s first sorter or his son Ptolemy II Philadelphus. This library was a symbol of Egypt’s richness and power. Employees were employed in this library to borrow books from around the world and bring it to the library. Most books are kept in the form of papyrus scrolls. However, it is not known exactly how many scrolls were kept in this library. This library was burnt. As a result, many scrolls and books are lost forever.

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The fire of Alexandria’s ancient library, therefore, symbolizes the destruction of cultural knowledge. There is debate about the time of this fire in ancient books. There are differences on who had set this fire. There is a legend about this destruction, that the library was destroyed in the burning fire for many years. Julius Caesar in 48 BC, the invasion of Egypt during the time of the attack areliyana 70 AD, 391 AD and 642 AD, Egypt’s Coptic Pope theophilasera orders during the Muslim invasion of the library of Alexandria burned hayamula separate fire destroyed the library of Alexandria, the researchers found another soul saharerai A small library, a temple used to serapiyama. According to Constantinople Socrates, Coptic Pope Theoppelas destroyed this temple in 391 AD.

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Although the ancient libraries of Alexandria were not known correctly, but according to ancient texts, this library had a large collection of scrolls, a paved pathway, a gathering room, a reading room, a meeting room, a garden and a lecture. This type of design is seen at the campus of modern universities. The library was an acquisition department and a cataloging department. She was kept in a big room for a Papiraar collection. They were called Bibliotekai, “βιβλιοθῆκαι”. As a matter of fact, these layers were written in a single leaf, the place of the treatment of the soul. The library was a part of the Museum of Alexandria. It was a research institution. In addition to the library, the Museum was a zoo in astronomy and body-reading reading rooms and unscrupulous animals. Among the prominent thinkers who have studied and studied in this library, there are prominent men in mathematics, technology, physiology, geography and medical science. They are Ukridd, Archimedes, Eratosthenes, Herophilus, Arassitratus, Hipparcus, Adesia, Papas, Theon, Hyphenia, Aristarchus of Samos and Saint Catherine.

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It is no longer possible to guess just how many books of a era exist in this library. Books were collected in the form of papiras. Codex has also been used since 300 BC. The library of Alexandria’s library has never been kept in parchment paper. This is likely because of the romance of the Papyrus business in the Egyptian region. But this library became indirectly used in the use of parchment. The papyrus could not be exported because the library required lots of Papyrus. Instead, parchment exports started. In some cases, the same writing was written in multiple scrolls. Such books were major additions. During the reign of King Ptolemy II, the library had more than 500,000 scrolls. It is also known that as a gift of dowry, the 200,000 scroll of the Paragamam library was presented to Mark Anthony, Cleopatra. However, according to some historians, such claims are only made to prove that Anthony showed greater loyalty to Egypt than Rome. As a research institute, the library had mathematics, astronomy, physics, natural sciences and other topics. Being the principal library of the empire, this library was the center for the first and first major textbook critics of the ancient world. The comparative textbook criticism would also be intensified as the same writings were included in multiple scrolls. After collection of the book, the main copies were made for the scholars of the whole world, the royal family and wealthy books collectors. The book also had a lot of income from it.

In almost all ancient texts, the library of Alexandria is mentioned as one of the largest and most important libraries in the ancient world. But the history of this library remains a mix of history and legend. The main purpose of this library was to show the richness of ancient Egypt. The research was a secondary purpose. However, the library’s collected books were used by the ruler of Egypt. The oldest letter of letters is the oldest reference to the library. This book shows that the library was developed by Ptolemy First Sorter, Aristotle student Demetrius Falerus was founded. In the second place, Ptolemy was the son of Ptolemy II, the first son of Ptolemy. The library was developed in the form of Aristotle’s Lysium style as a part of the palace, next to the Museum. The library of Alexandria was responsible for collecting the knowledge of the whole world. Most of the staff in the library used to be busy with book translation in Papyrus. The work was done by collecting lots of books in the rows of roads and athletes in the book fair. According to Galen, when a book was found on a ship, it was brought to the library. These books were listed in the name of the ship. Then the official scribe used to copy the book. The copy was returned to the owner by leaving the original book in the library. Apart from collection of the periodicals, a group of international researchers lived in this library. They got scholarships from the king. According to Galen, the third Ptolemy was asking for the permission to collect the original books of Athanas, Sophocles and Euripidis from Ethiopians’ kath. Instead, the ethnic people want to keep up to 450 Talents valued metal mortgages of fifteen Talents. Although the third Ptolemy deposited the amount of money, he kept the original books in the library. But this story can also be a false story circulated to show the power of Alexandria on Athens under the Ptolemaic dynasty. Alexandria was the main port of Egypt and the port of communication between Faroe Islands. Here the merchants from the East and the West came. Gradually it turned into an international trading center and later became one of the main production centers of the Papyras. Which is also helpful in the production of books. The editors of this library were especially famous for editing Homer’s book. The more famous editors usually found the title of the main librarian. Among them, genototus, Apollonius of Rhodes, Eratosthenes, Aristophanes of Byzantium and Aristarchus of Samothrace are notable. Kalimacas, the first author of the book and composer of Pinacus, created the first catalog of this library. However, he was not the main librarian of this library. In the second century BC, the researchers started leaving the library in the hope of getting the patronage of the big king safely. In the year 145, Eighth Ptolemy deported all foreign researchers from Alexandria.

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