Mohammod_SohidullahDr. Muhammad Shahidullah was a memorable Bengali personality, multilingualist and eminent teacher of the Indian subcontinent and he was also a philosopher. He was born on 10 July 1885 in Guaya Para village of West Bengal, India, on the 10th of July 1885. From the time of Entrance, Mohammed Shahidullah became very enthusiastic and interested in different languages, he started learning more than one language. From 1915 to 1919, twenty-four parganas were enacted in Bashirhat. He was also a researcher of the University of Calcutta as a fellow of Dinesh Chandra Sen from 1919 to 1921. In 1921, he joined as a lecturer in Sanskrit and Bangla department at Dhaka University. Besides, he worked as a part time teacher in the law department from 1922 to 1924 in the same university. In addition, he obtained PhD degree in 1928 from Sondan University of France. In 1937, he was appointed as Professor and Reader of Bangla Department of Dhaka University. From there he retired in 1944. After retirement, he joined the Government Azizul Haque College, Bogra as the Principal. From 1953 to 1955, he again joined the University of Dhaka and worked as a French teacher in the International Relations Department. In 1955, he joined the Sanskrit and Pali division of Rajshahi University and retired in 1958. In different languages, Dr. Muhammad Shahidullah’s occupation was remarkable and outstanding. He also worked as editor in the Urdu language project. Later, he joined the Bangla Academy as the editor of the project of the East Pakistani language. From 1961 to 1964, the Bengali Academy was appointed as temporary secretary of the Islamic Encyclopaedia Project. In 1963, the Bengali Academy formed by the Bengali Academy was appointed as the Chairman of the date format committee. Under his leadership, the Bengali calendar had a modern and scientific form.


As one of the best linguists of many linguists, scholars and orientals, Dr. Muhammad Shahidullah was a true Bengali and devout Muslim. Muhammad Shahidullah’s memorable statement about race was:

We are more true than the Hindus or Muslims, as we are Bengali.

After the establishment of Pakistan, the debate over the country’s language language was one of the few people who made strong statements in favor of language of Bengal. As a result of this, the path of the state language movement was wide open.